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Pompeii Tours

 

Pompeii

Located : Around the Bay of Naples Campania Region

The town was founded around the 6th century BC by the Osci or Oscans, a people of central Italy, on a hill near the mouth of the Sarno River or Sarnus River, already in use as a safe port by Greek and Phoenician sailors. When the Etruscans threatened an attack, Pompeii allied with the Greeks, who then dominated the Gulf of Naples. In the 5th century BC, the Samnites conquered it (and all the other towns of Campania); the new rulers imposed their architecture and enlarged the town. It has been supposed that during the Samnites' domination, Rome conquered Pompeii for a while, but these theories have not been verified.

Pompeii took part in the war that the towns of Campania initiated against Rome, but in 89 BC it was besieged by Sulla. Although the troops of the Social League, headed by Lucius Cluentius, helped in resisting the Romans, in 80 BC Pompeii was forced to surrender after the conquest of Nola. It became a Roman colony with the name of Colonia Cornelia Veneria Pompeianorum. The town became an important passage for goods that arrived by sea and had to be sent toward Rome or Southern Italy along the nearby Appian Way.

In 62 a violent earthquake severely damaged Pompeii and many other towns of Campania. In the time between 62 and 79 (the eruption), it was rebuilt, perhaps richer than before in houses and artworks.

The town offers a snapshot of Roman life in the 1st century. This moment in time shows that Pompeii was a lively place before the eruption, and evidence abounds of literally the smallest details of everyday life. For example, on the floor of one of the houses (Sirico's), a famous inscription Salve, lucru (Welcome, money), perhaps humorously intended, shows us a trading company owned by two partners, Sirico and Nummianus (but this could be a nickname, since nummus means coin, money). In other houses, details abound concerning professions and categories, such as for the "laundry" workers (Fullones). Wine jars have been found bearing what is apparently the world's earliest known marketing pun, Vesuvinum. Graffiti carved on the walls shows us real street Latin.

At the time of the eruption, the town could have had some 20,000 inhabitants, and was located in an area in which Romans had their vacation villas. Many services were found: the Macellum (great food market), the Pistrinum (mill), the Thermopolia (sort of bar that served cold and hot beverages), the cauporioe (small restaurants), and an amphitheater.

 

Details

Why not stay longer?

Blue Grotto
Overnight Packages

Six group tours in the regions of Campania and Sicily that combine comfort and value. They all include accomodation in 3/4 stars hotels, meals and english peaking guide.

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vesuvius

Day Tours to Pompeii from Rome

It is late morning on August 24th in the year 79 A.D. A thick black cloud rises from Mt. Vesuvius. The cloud takes the form of a huge pine tree, and gets larger by the minute. In just a few hours it completely covers the sky, while burnt rocks begin falling everywhere. The Earth continues to tremble and in full daylight night falls on Pompeii and its surroundings. The most disastrous and deadly phase of the eruption arrives in just a few hours, at sunrise on the 25th. The sea withdraws, and burning floods of vapor filled with ash expand at the velocity of a hurricane on top of trees, humans, and anything in the way. This petrifies the people of Pompeii, who try leaving the city while protecting themselves from the falling rocks with pillows and blankets. Pompeii becomes buried and time has completely stopped. Oil-lamps, necklaces made of precious stones, weights, gladiator helmets, aqueduct and drainage pipes, beds, incisions on the entrances of grocer's shops, amphoras, carts, frescoes in the houses of the rich, streets, kitchen utensils in bronze and iron, statues of Gods, even a lover's last kiss. All things are immobilized in their last breath of life which they must infinitely repeat. We have found first-hand accounts from distances far away.

Two extraordinary and touching letters exist by Pliny the Younger -- the historian of the Roman era who found himself in Campania at the time of the volcanic eruption -- in which he narrates what he saw and what he heard from the few survivors who fled Pompeii just in time.

 

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pompeii

Day Trips

Escorted Group Tour

In Pompei, where, after lunch in a local restaurant, there will be a visit to the excavations of this famous Roman city which was completely destroyed by the volcanic eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 A.D

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112€

Pompeii & Naples

Departure: 7.15 am Daily
Duration: 14 1/4hrs
Tour Code: N1P
Cost 112€pp

We leave the agency and join the Autostrada del Sole. After passing the Castelli Romani, hillsides completely covered by vineyards, we will cross the region of Ciociaria with a view of the Abbey of Montecassino, completely rebuilt after the 2nd world war.

Upon arrival in Naples a panoramic view bf the city: Mergellina, Lungomare Caracciolo, Castel dell’Ovo, District of Santa Lucia, Piazza Plebiscito, Palazzo Reale, Church of San Francesco di Paola, Teatro San Carlo, Galleria Umberto I, Il Maschio Angioino, Piazza del Municipio, Il Porto.

Continue to Pompei, where, after lunch in a local restaurant, there will be a visit to the excavations of this famous Roman city which was completely destroyed by the volcanic eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 A.D

At approx 5.30 p.m. departure for Rome. The arrival is scheduled for 9.30 p.m., traffic permitting. Clients will be accompanied to their hotels, or in the immediate vicinity.

Includes: transportation in a Deluxe Coach with air conditioning and a tour Guide, lunch, entrance tickets and assistance of our qualified personnel.

Excludes: Beverages and extras.

 

Small Group Day Trip from Rome - Option 1

Duration: 13hrs

Cost: $233.00 pp

Itinerary Details & Secure Online Booking

To request a private guide use the above Inquiry Form

Tour Pompeii and the beautiful Amalfi coast villages on a small group day trip from Rome. You'll travel in a comfortable air-conditioned minivan and receive individual attention from your expert tour guide.

You'll stop at scenic viewpoints as you travel along the stunning coastline to reach Positano, one of the most famous charming old fishing towns along the Amalfi coast. After a walking tour and some free time in Positano, you will travel on to Amalfi aboard a shared public boat.

Amalfi is a labyrinth of narrow lanes and alleyways and features typical Mediterranean village architecture. Here you can sample the local Limoncello liqueur or visit the celebrated Moorish-style Paradise Cloister, dating back to the 13th century. You’ll also enjoy lunch at Amalfi (additional expense), then follow the road uphill away from the coast for a last glimpse of this enchanting part of Italy before continuing on to Pompeii.

At the amazing ruins of Pompeii you will take a two-hour guided walking tour conducted by a local expert guide. You'll discover the everyday life of Rome's Imperial age as you walk through the ancient ruins which were buried in ashes after Mount Vesuvius erupted almost 2000 years ago. You will visit the homes of Pompeii's wealthier citizens and ancient street cafes where locals dinned, hear numerous anecdotes about daily life in Pompeii, and see graffiti dating back to Roman times.

 

Small Group Day Trip from Rome - Option 2

Duration: 13hrs

Cost: $147.00 pp

Itinerary Details & Secure Online Booking

To request a private guide use the above Inquiry Form

Discover history, art and archaeology on this fascinating day trip to Naples and Pompeii. Your journey takes you from Rome to the Gulf of Naples, where Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 A.D., devastating the towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum.

On your full-day tour from Rome you'll travel along the Highway of the Sun, crossing the area known as Castelli Romani dotted with enchanting medieval villages. During the journey you will pass the ruined Abbey of Monte Cassino, destroyed during the Second World War.

After a photo stop at Naples' impressive Castel dell'Ovo (Egg Castle), you'll continue across Naples' historic center. You’ll pass Naples' historic sights, including the Royal Palace, Basilica of San Francesco di Paola, San Carlo Opera House, Gallery of Umberto I and imposing Castel Nuovo.

Leaving Naples, you will cross the valley of Mount Vesuvius, passing through the villages of Ercolano (Herculaneum), Torre del Greco and Torre Annunziata before arriving in Pompeii for lunch.

After lunch, you will take a two-hour walking tour of the ancient city of Pompeii with a local guide. A thrilling archaeological journey unfolds as you walk through the ancient ruins which were buried in ashes after Mount Vesuvius erupted almost 2000 years ago. You'll discover the everyday life of Rome's Imperial age at this UNESCO World Heritage Site, and imagine the panic felt by the people in those last few minutes before the city was so disastrously buried.

On the trip back to Rome (approximately three hours), you'll stop at a coral and cameo factory, where you will have the opportunity to purchase examples of this ancient craft that dates back to the Greek period.

 

 

amalfi cost

Pompeii, Sorrento, Positano

Private Tour

We can customize a number of possible routes to the South of Italy. Here are a few.

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650€

Private Tour

Departure: 8:00am Daily
Duration: 9hrs
Tour Code: MT-ROM-PSP1

The ruins of Pompeii, part of an ancient Roman city destroyed and buried by the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius in 79 A.D. can be visited. The remainder of the uncovered city is today buried under the new Pompeii rebuilt many years subsequent to the eruption.

On our tour of Pompeii we will try to bring the entire city back to life, describing the culture of the time, the role of the family, the relationships between generations, the conditions of women, marriage, the role of the slaves, the clothing of the different social classes; the politics and government of the city, the methods of electoral propaganda; the production of bread, trade and commerce, clothes dyeing, the preciousness of the oil produced in Pompeii (which Catone had brought to his villa in Molise in spite of the expensive transport prices); the religious life with its various temples, cultures, beliefs and superstitions, funeral rites; the typology of the Roman houses, the various rooms, how they uses them, the heating of certain halls, the evolution of the different styles of frescoes and mosaics; the meals, the food, the famous ancient garum sauce; the gardens, the aqueducts, the public and private lighting system, latrines, public amusement, the amphitheater fights between supporters of different gladiator teams, life in the thermal baths, the taverns and the gambling; the brothels where both men and women prostituted themselves and which were widespread in many of the empire's cities. This tour will give a meaning to the thermal baths, the forum, the basilica, Fauno's House, the House of the Vettii, the brothels, the great theater, the Temple of Iside, and the many places that will always fascinate us for the stories they tell and the secrets they hold.

Archeological excavations are open to the public between the hours of 09:00 and 18:00 everyday of the week, guides can be hired at the entrance or headphones voicing explanations of the sites can be rented.

To reach Sorrento you need to drive the coastal road to its furthest point. Spectacular views of the entire bay of Naples and the Island of Capri (that was once joined to Sorrento) are revealed as the Amalfi coast road emerges from over the mountain cliff. There is a small drive through the town before you arrive in the centre – a major shopping mall for the local people as well as tourists, with very many shops (normally open all day everyday in the summer, but duringthe low season are open between 09:00am – 13:00 then 16:00 – 20:00, approximately). Sorrento, being also a city from the past, has an interesting history museum “Correale di Terranova” that can be visited during the morning

Driving down-hill directly through Positano descending the winding one-way road, bypassing many local restaurants, leads to the heart of the town - the busy central Piazza dei Mulini that is connected to a narrow downhill path and some occasional flights of steps that lead to the seafront. At Piazza dei Mulini, you must leave the car as all streets leading to the waterfront are for pedestrians only. The only way to reach restaurants situated on the beach that serve fish that have been pulled out of the sea the same morning, such as La Cambusa and Chez Black, is to go by foot! These streets also lead to the cathedral, shops selling ceramics, lemons, shoes and “Positano fashion” clothing. Positano is alive at night as well as during the day with exotic nightclubs such as “Music on the Rocks” and various bars and cafés that remain open until the sun begins to rise over the horizon. There is a short walk back uphill in order to return to the car that will drive straight ahead, this time ascending the mountain, returning to the main coastal road that leads to Amalfi.

 

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